Glutamic acid (abbreviated as Glu or E) is one of the 20-22 proteinogenic amino acids. It is a non-essential amino acid. The carboxylate anions and salts of glutamic acid are known as glutamates. In neuroscience, glutamate is an important neurotransmitter that plays a key role in long-term potentiation and is important for learning and memory. It is an important excitatory neurotransmitter, and glutamic acid is also important in the metabolism of sugars and fats.
It helps with the transportation of potassium across the blood-brain barrier, although itself does not pass this barrier that easily. It also shows promise in the future treatment of neurological conditions, ulcers, hypoglycemic come, muscular dystrophy, epilepsy, Parkinson’s, and mental retardation.
Glutamic acid can be used as fuel in the brain, and can attach itself to nitrogen atoms in the process of forming glutamine, and this action also detoxifies the body of ammonia. This action is the only way in which the brain can be detoxified from ammonia.
The fluid produced by the prostate gland also contains amounts of glutamic acid, and may play a role in the normal function of the prostate.
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